Nanotechnology has existed for a long time but has never made it big in the mainstream media due to its limited applications in the general market. One of its common application is the manufacturing of strong and light tennis rackets, hockey sticks, racing bikes, and other athletic equipment. But today, nanotechnology is growing into a big industry which is expected to impact hugely in the coming years. Researchers are finding new ways to practice nanotechnology for the benefit of people as well as nature. Some of the growing trends in nanotechnology that we see today are:
Stronger Materials/ Higher Strength Composites
Nanotech involves the use of graphene and carbon nanotube-based devices which are groundbreaking for creating lighter but stronger structures. The carbon-fibre is used in cars, bicycles, and sporting equipment because of its properties. The technology has always been under practice and operations to advance the development of carbon-nanotube pre-imagined materials offering better conduction which solves the issue of conventional carbon fibre/epoxy composites. Carbon nanotube meshes have already been used in space missions because of better strength of the material.
Scalability of Production
Nanotech, although a much-needed technology is still pretty expensive, which is still a challenge that we face. If the technology is meant to impact the society greatly, it should be scalable, so that it is accessible for practices. The limited scalability of nanotech is hindering the applications despite outstanding properties and functional performance. It is only a matter of time that nanotech can be made available and the world universities and industries are working towards developing new materials so that nanotech can become scalable.
The future is expecting a huge change in carbon nanotube manufacturing technology while controlling the purity and structure of the material. It is said to reduce the cost due to economies of scale. New advances will make carbon nanotube materials more compelling for mechanical engineers and will transform the automotive and aerospace industries. Right now nanocarbon can be seen in sporting equipment, which offers thinner, affordable, and more durable flat panel. It is also growing the manufacturing of armour for soldiers, sensors for medical testing, especially for cancer patients, and enhanced cathode materials for safer, long-lasting Li-ion batteries, and more.
Another major role of nanotechnology is to find nanotech solutions for sustainable development. Nanomaterials and nanostructure materials are said to increase in constructing energy storage and conversion projects, and nanomaterials are also used for products that are more energy efficient in both production and use. The nanostructures are improving the efficiencies of electronic fixtures, whether it is batteries, solar cells or LED lighting.
Nanotech’s best application so far is in the biomedical field. It is contributing to medicines in a revolutionary manner. It is being used in both diagnostics and treatment areas. Nanospectra Biosciences has been working on a new therapy which is a promising cure to destroy tumours with minimal damage to adjacent healthy tissue. The nanosensors will be able to detect, identify, and quantify biological substances in body fluids to observe any abnormal change to prevent any future disease.